[Pamukkale Univ Muh Bilim Derg]
Pamukkale Univ Muh Bilim Derg. Baskıdaki Makaleler: PAJES-83357 | DOI: 10.5505/pajes.2019.83357  

Evaluation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pollution in Büyük Menderes River

Serkan EKER, Ebru ÇOKAY, Ilgi KARAPINAR, Dilek Ersöz
Dokuz Eylul University, Department of Environmental Engineering, Izmir, Turkey

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) tend to accumulate in the environment, causing environmental pollution through which they significantly affect the biological equilibrium in nature. Due to their adverse effect on nature, especially aquatic life and hence to the human, PAHs are considered as one of the significant pollutants that should be monitored in surface water bodies. Therefore, they have been listed in the national specific pollutant list of Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and in the priority substances list specified in EU Water Frame Directive (WFD) of 2000/60/EC and 2013/39/EU. Anthracene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[ghi]perylene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Fluoranthene, Indeno [1,2,3-cd] pyrene, Naphthalene are the PAHs in the priority substances list of WFD. Additionally, 1-Methylnaphthalene, Acenaphthene, Acenaphthylene, Chrysene, Fluorene, Perylene, Phenanthrene, Pyrene are other PAHs with environmental quality standards specified in the national list of the Ministry. The mentioned PAHs were monitored for 12 months in 15 lakes, 2 transition water, 4 coastal and 26 river water stations in Büyük Menderes River Basin. The results were evaluated for the detected PAHs in the river basin with regard to Maximum Allowable Concentration Environmental Quality Standards (MAC-EQS) and the Annual Average Concentration Environmental Quality Standards (AA-EQS) given either in Water Framework Directive or in National Regulation of the Ministry.

Keywords: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs, Water Framework Directive, Büyük Menderes River




Sorumlu Yazar: Serkan EKER, Türkiye


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